Early &
Mail-in Voting
in Alabama

Warning: Mail-in voting is a convenient and safe way to vote, but your ballot might not count if it's submitted late or with errors. So follow the directions below on how to vote early or absentee and make your vote count in Alabama.

Note - this information below may change for your state due to ongoing litigation and legislation. This page will be updated within 24 hours of any change.

Vote Before Election Day

Vote By Mail Deadlines

Deadline to Request Ballot (Received by)
Deadline to Return Ballot (Received By)

In-Person Absentee Voting

You can vote in-person absentee in your state.

Alabama voters may vote in person with an absentee ballot through the absentee ballot deadline at their county courthouse. This means you come to the courthouse with your valid photo ID, request a ballot from the clerk, fill out your ballot and return to the clerk, who will notarize the ballot when you return it. An excuse is needed to vote in person absentee.  

How Vote By Mail Works in Alabama

Voting by mail is a two step process in Alabama. Step 1: Request your ballot NOW. The deadline for your application to be received by mail is the Tuesday before Election Day, November 1st, and in person is the Thursday before Election Day, November 3rd.

  • Include a copy of your photo ID with your request
  • You need an excuse to vote my mail in Alabama. Info here on what qualifies.
Step 2: Complete and return your ballot ASAP.
  • Make sure to sign your ballot in front of two adult witnesses or one notary. They must sign it too.
  • Return in person to your local Absentee Election Manager on or before November 7th, the day before Election Day, at 5 p.m. Find your local Election Manager here.
  • Or you can stamp and return by mail to your local Absentee Election Manager so that it is postmarked by the day before Election Day and received by NOON on Election Day, November 8th. We recommend mailing your ballot at least two weeks before as the post office is not always reliable. The best intentions or postmark will not matter if your ballot is received after Election Day - your ballot will not count.

Request Your Ballot See Your Ballot Look Up Ballot Drop Off Locations

You May Use COVID-19 as an Excuse to Vote Absentee

Due to COVID-19, your state has expanded vote by mail access for the November 2020 election. That means that ‘COVID-19’ qualifies as an excuse to request your absentee ballot.

P.S. If COVID-19 wasn’t affecting the U.S. right now, your state would have stricter requirements for you to qualify to vote by mail.

Remember to Sign Your Return Ballot

Note that your ballot will come with three envelopes. You must use them all! (1) Seal the ballot in the blank secrecy envelope provided. (2) Place that envelope inside the envelope with an affidavit, and seal in the presence of two adult witnesses or a notary. Sign the affidavit. The witnesses or notary must sign, too. (3) Lastly, place the affidavit envelope in the pre-addressed outer envelope. If you do not follow the instructions and use all three envelopes your ballot could be tossed.  

Grab two friends! After you complete your ballot, you must sign the affidavit oath on the return envelope in the presence of two adult witnesses or one notary. They must sign, too.

Use The Right Form of ID

Go ahead and make one copy of your photo ID! You need to include a copy of your photo ID with your application to vote by mail. Info here on what qualifies as photo ID in Alabama.  If no ID is provided, the ballot becomes provisional and your ballot will not be counted unless you provide a valid ID to the registrar within the time provided for provisional ballot cure.

How You Can Return Your Mail-in Ballot

By Mail

You must add a stamp when mailing in your ballot.

By Courier

Return your ballot via commercial delivery services, such as FedEx or UPS (at your expense)

In Person

  • Local elections office

Only you may return your ballot.

Look Up Ballot Drop Off Locations

Make Sure Your Mail-in Vote Counts

To track your ballot, use the Alabama Votes Portal. For more information, contact your county's Absentee Election Manager. Alabama does not offer voters a chance to address challenges to their ballot. Your ballot will not count if it is late, or you do not follow directions.

Haven't used your ballot?

If you have an absentee ballot that you are not going to use, or you miss the deadline to return, you may go to your polling place and vote in person. You may be asked to use a provisional ballot. If you vote a provisional ballot, it will be counted once it is confirmed that you did not vote by mail.

Election Protection Hotline

The national, nonpartisan Election Protection coalition was formed to ensure that all voters have an equal opportunity to participate in the political process. Made up of more than 100 local, state and national partners, Election Protection works year-round to advance and defend the right to vote.

Call 866-OUR-VOTE if you need assistance.

More about voting in Alabama

Find your polling place, ID laws, and more about voting for the first time below.

Voting Info for Alabama First Time Voter Info